Gertraud Maskarinec, MD, PhD

Gertraud Maskarinec, MD, PhD

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Program Director, Student Internship Program, University of Hawaiʻi Cancer Center
Assistant Director of Cancer Research Career Enhancement and Education, University of Hawaiʻi Cancer Center
Full Member, Population Sciences in the Pacific Program (Cancer Epidemiology), University of Hawaiʻi Cancer Center

Academic Appointment(s):
Professor (Researcher) of University of Hawaiʻi Cancer Center, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Graduate Faculty, Office of Public Health Studies, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Graduate Faculty, Human Nutrition, Food and Animal Sciences, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

Degree(s):
MD (Preventive Medicine), University of Freiburg, Germany
MPH (Epidemiology), University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
PhD (Epidemiology), University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

Research Focus

Dr. Maskarinec, a physician in preventive medicine and nutritional epidemiologist, has the goal to contribute to chronic disease prevention by understanding the etiology of breast cancer, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL), and type 2 diabetes. To elucidate the difference in health status across ethnic groups, she has performed comparative studies that included participants from Hawaiʻi, Guam, the US, Japan, and Europe. Nutritional risk factors, especially dietary patterns, overweight and obesity, and soy foods are the main topics of numerous publications. In the area of breast cancer risk, she has worked with intermediate endpoints, such as mammographic densities, pathologic markers in tissue, serum hormone levels, urinary estrogen metabolites, adipokines, inflammatory markers, and nipple aspirate fluid. More recently, the role of obesity, dietary patterns, type 2 diabetes, and mammographic density as predictors of cancer survival among participants of the Multiethnic Cohort have yielded interesting findings. Dr. Maskarinec is dedicated to education and training. She leads the Cancer Center's Summer Internship Program for high school and undergraduate students funded by a P30 CURE supplement and regularly teaches at the University of Hawaiʻi and institutions in foreign countries.

Selected Publications

Maskarinec G, Ciba M, Ju D, Shepherd JA, Thomas E, Wu AH, Monroe KR, Lim U, Wilkens LR, Le Marchand L. (2019). Association of Imaging-Based Body Fat Distribution and Mammographic Density in the Multiethnic Cohort Adiposity Phenotype Study. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers& Prevention; Nov 14. pii: cebp.1060.2019. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-19-1060. [Epub ahead of print].

Maskarinec G, Hullar MAJ, Monroe KR, Shepherd JA, Hunt JA, Randolph TW, Wilkens LR, Boushey CJ, Le Marchand L, Lim U, Lampe JW. (2019). Fecal Microbial Diversity and Structure are Associated with Diet Quality in the Multiethnic Cohort Adiposity Phenotype Study. Journal of Nutrition; Jun 12. pii: nxz065. doi: 10.1093/jn/nxz065. [Epub ahead of print].

Maskarinec G, Shvetsov YB, Conroy SM, Haiman CA, Setiawan VW, Le Marchand L. (2018). Type 2 diabetes as a predictor of survival among breast cancer patients: The Multiethnic Cohort. Breast Cancer Res Treat. Oct 26. doi: 10.1007/s10549-018-5025-2. [Epub ahead of print].

Maskarinec G, Lim U, Jacobs S, Monroe KR, Ernst T, Buchthal SD, Shepherd JA, Wilkens LR, Le Marchand L, Boushey CJ. (2017). Diet Quality Predicts Visceral Adiposity and Liver Fatness: The Multiethnic Cohort Study. Obesity; 25: 1442-50. doi:10.1002/oby.21868.

Maskarinec G, Jacobs S, Park SY, Haiman CA, Setiawan VW, Wilkens LR, Le Marchand L. (2017). Type 2 Diabetes, Obesity, and Breast Cancer Risk: The Multiethnic Cohort. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, & Prevention; Jun;26(6):854-861. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-16-0789. Epub 2017 Jan 13

Publication list via PubMed

Active Grants

G. Maskarinec, Co-Investigator/; B. Kristal, PI
NCI
R01 HL140335
"Lipidomics Biomarkers Link Sleep Restriction to Adiposity Phenotype, Diabetes, and Cardiovascular Risk"
9/1/18 – 6/30/22

G. Maskarinec, Co-Investigator; J. Shepherd, PI
NCI
R01 DK111698
"Shape Up! Kids"
1/20/17 – 12/31/21

G. Maskarinec, Assistant Director of Cancer Research Career Enhancement and Education; R. Holcombe, PI
NCI
P30 CA071789
“University of Hawaii Cancer Center CCSG”
7/1997 - 6/2021

G. Maskarinec, Co-Investigator; J. Shepherd, PI
NCI
R01 DK109008
"Optical Body Composition and Health Assessment"
5/15/16 – 4/30/21

G. Maskarinec, Multiple PI of Education Core
NCI
U54 CA143727
"University of Guam/University of Hawaii Cancer Center Partnership, Education Core"
09/01/15 – 08/31/20

G. Maskarinec, Co-Investigator; Y. Shvetsov, PI
NCI
R21 CA220080
"Improving Breast Cancer Risk Prediction with Composite Measures of Obesity and Body Fat Distribution"
2/1/18 – 1/31/20