Yvette C. Paulino, PhD

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Full Member, Population Sciences in the Pacific Program (Cancer Prevention in the Pacific), University of Hawaiʻi Cancer Center

Academic Appointment(s):
Associate Professor, University of Guam

PhD, Epidemiology, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
MS, Biology, University of Guam

Research Focus

I am interested in eliminating health disparities through research and training in the Pacific Islands. My early work in nutritional epidemiology provided some of the first documented estimates of childhood overweight and obesity prevalence in the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas and in Guam. My work on feasting behaviors led me to another cultural behavior observed at fiestas or parties in the Mariana Islands – areca (betel) nut chewing. I have been studying the epidemiology and public health of areca (betel) nut chewing for over 10 years, including measuring the chewing variation among Micronesian populations, screening for oral precancer, studying the influence of areca (betel) nut chewing on the oral microbiome, and developing an areca (betel) nut cessation program. My most recent research is focused on establishing an epidemiologic cohort to study cardiometabolic diseases in the Pacific Islands. I am working to sustain the cohort through a public health curriculum at colleges or universities in the region.

Selected Publications

Hernandez BY, Zhu X, Goodman MT, Gatewood R, Mendiola P, Quinata K, Paulino YC. (2017). Betel nut chewing, oral premalignant lesions, and the oral microbiome. PLoS One; doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172196.

Moss J, Kawamoto C, Pokhrel P, Paulino Y, Herzog T. (2015). Developing a Betel Quid Cessation Program on the island of Guam. Pac Asia Inq; 6(1):144-150.

Fenfang L, Wilkens LR, Novotny R, Fialkowski MK, Paulino YC, Nelson R, Bersamin A, Martin U, Deenik J, Boushey CJ. (2015). Anthropometric measurement standardization in the US-affiliated pacific: Report from the Children's Healthy Living Program. Am J Hum Biol;doi: 10.1002/ajhb.22796.

Paulino YC, Leon Guerrero RT, Uncangco AA, Rosadino MG, Quinene JC, Natividad ZN. (2015). Overweight and Obesity Prevalence among Public School Children in Guam. J Health Care Poor Underserved; 26(2 Suppl):53-62.

Paulino YC, Hurwitz EL, Warnakulasuriya S, Gatewood RR, Pierson KD, Tenorio LF, Novotny R, Palafox NA, Wilkens LR, Badowski G. (2014). Screening for oral potentially malignant disorders among areca (betel) nut chewers in Guam and Saipan. BMC Oral Health; 14:151.

Publication list via PubMed

Active Grants

Y. Paulino, PI
"A Cohort for Studying the Burden of Cardiometabolic Diseases in Guam and Pohnpei"
07/01/2016 – 01/31/2021

Y. Paulino, Co-Investigator; Crespo, PI
"Enhancing Cross-disciplinary Infrastructure Training at Oregon (EXITO) Program"
07/01/2014 – 06/30/2019

Y. Paulino, Co-Leader, T. Herzog, Co-Leader; R. Underwood, N. Palafox, MPIs
University of Guam/Cancer Research Center of Hawaii Partnership Project
"Betel Nut Intervention Trial (BENIT)"
09/01/2015 – 08/31/2018