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Gertraud Maskarinec, MD, PhD

Gertraud Maskarinec, MD, PhD
  • Full Member
    Population Sciences in the Pacific Program (Cancer Epidemiology)
    University of Hawaii Cancer Center
  • Assistant Director of Cancer Research Career Enhancement and Education
    University of Hawaii Cancer Center
  • Program Director
    Student Internship Program
    University of Hawaii Cancer Center
  • Academic Appointments

  • Professor (Researcher) of University of Hawaii Cancer Center
    University of Hawaii at Manoa
  • Graduate Faculty
    Office of Public Health Studies
    University of Hawaii at Manoa
  • Graduate Faculty
    Human Nutrition, Food and Animal Sciences
    University of Hawaii at Manoa


  • MD (Preventive Medicine)
    Universität Freiburg, Germany
  • MPH (Epidemiology)
    University of Hawaii at Manoa
  • PhD Epidemiology
    University of Hawaii at Manoa

Research Focus

Dr. Maskarinec, a physician in preventive medicine and nutritional epidemiologist, has the goal to contribute to chronic disease prevention by understanding the etiology of breast cancer, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL), and type 2 diabetes. To elucidate the difference in health status across ethnic groups, she has performed comparative studies that included participants from Hawaii, Guam, the US, Japan, and Europe. Nutritional risk factors, especially dietary patterns, overweight and obesity, and soy foods are the main topics of numerous publications. In the area of breast cancer risk, she has worked with intermediate endpoints, such as mammographic densities, pathologic markers in tissue, serum hormone levels, urinary estrogen metabolites, adipokines, inflammatory markers, and nipple aspirate fluid. More recently, the role of obesity, dietary patterns, type 2 diabetes, and mammographic density as predictors of cancer survival among participants of the Multiethnic Cohort have yielded interesting findings. Dr. Maskarinec is dedicated to education and training. She leads the Cancer Center's Summer Internship Program for high school and undergraduate students funded by a P30 CURE supplement and regularly teaches at the University of Hawaii and institutions in foreign countries.

Selected Publications

  • Maskarinec G, Jacobs S, Park SY, Haiman CA, Setiawan VW, Wilkens LR, Le Marchand L. (2017). Type 2 Diabetes, Obesity, and Breast Cancer Risk: The Multiethnic Cohort. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, & Prevention; Jan 13. pii: cebp.0789.2016. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-16-0789. [Epub ahead of print]. PMCID: In process.
  • Matter M, Dugay C, Haiman CA, Le Marchand L, Wilkens LR, Maskarinec G. (2017). High mortality due to sepsis in Native Hawaiians and African Americans: The Multiethnic Cohort. PLoS ONE; May 30;12(5):e0178374. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0178374. eCollection 2017.
  • Maskarinec G, Lim U, Jacobs S, Monroe KR, Ernst T, Buchthal SD, Shepherd JA, Wilkens LR, Le Marchand L, Boushey CJ. (2017). Diet Quality Predicts Visceral Adiposity and Liver Fatness: The Multiethnic Cohort Study. Obesity; 25: 1442-50. doi:10.1002/oby.21868.
  • Maskarinec G, Ju D, Horio D, Loo LMW, Hernandez BY. (2016). Involution of Breast Tissue and Mammographic Density. Breast Cancer Research; 18:128 doi:10.1186/s13058-016-0792-3.
  • Jacobs S, Harmon BE, Ollberding NJ, Wilkens LR, Monroe KR, Kolonel LN, Le Marchand L, Boushey CJ, Maskarinec G. (2016). Among four diet quality indexes, only the Alternate Mediterranean Diet Score is associated with better colorectal cancer survival in the Multiethnic Cohort. Journal of Nutrition; Sep;146:1746-55. Epub 2016 Aug 10. PMCID: PMC4997287

Publication list via PubMed

Active Grants

  • G. Maskarinec, Multiple PI of Education Core
    U54 CA143727
    "University of Guam/University of Hawaii Cancer Center Partnership, Education Core"
    09/01/15 – 08/31/20
  • G. Maskarinec, Co-Investigator / PIs: L. Le Marchand, U. Lim
    P01 CA168530
    "Obesity, Body Fat Distribution, and Cancer Risk in the Multiethnic Cohort"
    09/01/12 - 08/31/18
  • G. Maskarinec, PI
    University of Hawaii Foundation Pilot Study
    "The Biology of Lobular Involution & Breast Density as Predictors of Breast Cancer Risk and Survival"
    01/01/16 – 06/30/18
  • G. Maskarinec, Program Director / R. Holcombe, PI
    P30 CA071789-14S1
    University of Hawaii Cancer Center CCSG CURE Supplement.
    07/2013 - 06/2018